The study of epigenetic mechanisms is fast on its way to becoming an important method for understanding and potentially diagnosing fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).
"Epigenetics studies of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder," a recent review published in Future Medicine by a team of Kids Brain Health Network researchers found that several epigenetic mechanisms are affected by alcohol, which could explain many of the neurobiological deficits and abnormalities associated with prenatal alcohol exposure.
Until very recently, no one has been able to accurately predict autism in babies under a year of age.
That picture has begun to change, as discoveries arising from genetics, nuanced parental observation and neuroimaging are all pointing in the same direction: the capacity to identify autism spectrum disorder in children before overt symptoms – such as loss of, or delays in speech and lack of eye contact – begin to show around the age of two.
Mounting evidence is showing that oppositional, irritable or explosive behaviour in kids with neurodisabilties is rooted in the mental health of the child, and the child’s family.
A study published this week points to anxiety, depression and stress in cerebral palsy (CP), factors also seen in fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) as the underpinnings of meltdowns, outbursts and defiance.
Scanning a premature infant’s brain shortly after birth to map the location and volume of small areas of injury to white matter may help doctors better predict whether the baby will have disabilities later, according to a new study co-funded by Kids Brain Health.
Drawing from research conducted at the Neonatal ICU at British Columbia’s Women’s Hospital by Network Investigators Steven P. Miller, Ruth Grunau, Anne Synnes and colleagues, "Quantitative assessment of white matter injury in preterm neonates: association with outcomes" was published in the January 18, 2017, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.